Asthenopia (eye fatigue)

Pathography
Asthenopia — quickly coming eyestrain during visual work, especially at a small distance from the eye to the subject. Asthenopia — not a disease but a border state. However, if you do not pay attention, it can progress to a more serious zabolevaniya.Imenno time so it is important to address the problem and fix it.
Causes
Using your computer, regardless of the type of monitor.
Prolonged driving, especially at dusk and at night.
The work requires constant visual attention.
Prolonged reading.
Daily television viewing.
Incorrect glasses.
Wrong to illuminate in the living room and in the workplace.
Varieties
Accommodative asthenopia is the most common form of eye fatigue. It can be due to presbyopia, weakened as a result of accommodation of common diseases, spasm of accommodation. Since accommodation is more far-sighted people, especially during visual work at close range, the far-sighted people of accommodative asthenopia more common.
Muscular asthenopia can be caused by overexertion convergence. Unpleasant effects disappear if you close one eye, that is, off convergence. Exotropia may occur.
Mixed asthenopia, usually characterized combined picture and the accommodative muscle of eye fatigue. The reasons for its the same as that of each of them. Treatment combination.
Neurogenic asthenopia often seen as a manifestation of the general neurasthenia and hysteria. Therefore, it can occur when the part of the vision there are no prerequisites for the emergence of asthenopia.
Symptomatic asthenopia seen as a symptom that accompanies some inflammatory diseases of the eye and nose. Its connection with the visual work at a short distance is less obvious.
The main symptoms of
Asthenopia seen so-called «visual» and «eye» symptoms. In these cases, you may experience:
blurred vision,
ghosting and blurring of the image,
distortion of the shape and size of the observed objects,
inflammation of the eyes,
lacrimation,
eye fatigue, increase in temperature,
vglazah feeling of discomfort, pain, or burning rubber.
At the same time is often a headache, and irritability. Against this background, often develop complications such as conjunctivitis or blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).
Treatment
Possible early use corrective glasses for hyperopia, presbyopia and astigmatism. Children need to wear glasses all the time, adults (with presbyopia and hyperopia, weak or moderate) — usually only when reading or writing.
Prophylaxis
Every hour of hard work your eyes 10-15 minutes of rest. The best — look out the window: enjoy the scenery, looking from far to near objects, or simply the sky.
Adjust the position and illumination of the monitor, as well as indoor working places and premises. Avoid sudden changes in light — for example, working in a dark room for the brightly lit monitor.
Work in a comfortable position. For good vision and preventing asthenopia important good blood supply. Therefore, looking away from the monitor, do exercise or massage the neck area.
Use colloidal fitoformuly ED medicine, which contains all the necessary ingredients to strengthen the eyes, protect the retina and support optimal vision.

 

Asthenopia — quickly coming eyestrain during visual work, especially at a small distance from the eye to the subject. Asthenopia — not a disease but a border state. However, if you do not pay attention, it can progress to a more serious zabolevaniya.Imenno time so it is important to address the problem and fix it.

Causes

Using your computer, regardless of the type of monitor.

Prolonged driving, especially at dusk and at night.

The work requires constant visual attention.

Prolonged reading.

Daily television viewing.

Incorrect glasses.

Wrong to illuminate in the living room and in the workplace.

Varieties

Accommodative asthenopia is the most common form of eye fatigue. It can be due to presbyopia, weakened as a result of accommodation of common diseases, spasm of accommodation. Since accommodation is more far-sighted people, especially during visual work at close range, the far-sighted people of accommodative asthenopia more common.

Muscular asthenopia can be caused by overexertion convergence. Unpleasant effects disappear if you close one eye, that is, off convergence. Exotropia may occur.

Mixed asthenopia, usually characterized combined picture and the accommodative muscle of eye fatigue. The reasons for its the same as that of each of them. Treatment combination.

Neurogenic asthenopia often seen as a manifestation of the general neurasthenia and hysteria. Therefore, it can occur when the part of the vision there are no prerequisites for the emergence of asthenopia.

Symptomatic asthenopia seen as a symptom that accompanies some inflammatory diseases of the eye and nose. Its connection with the visual work at a short distance is less obvious.

The main symptoms of

Asthenopia seen so-called «visual» and «eye» symptoms. In these cases, you may experience:

blurred vision,

ghosting and blurring of the image,

distortion of the shape and size of the observed objects,

inflammation of the eyes,

lacrimation,

eye fatigue, increase in temperature,

vglazah feeling of discomfort, pain, or burning rubber.

At the same time is often a headache, and irritability. Against this background, often develop complications such as conjunctivitis or blepharitis (inflammation of the eyelids).

Treatment

Possible early use corrective glasses for hyperopia, presbyopia and astigmatism. Children need to wear glasses all the time, adults (with presbyopia and hyperopia, weak or moderate) — usually only when reading or writing.

Prophylaxis

Every hour of hard work your eyes 10-15 minutes of rest. The best — look out the window: enjoy the scenery, looking from far to near objects, or simply the sky.

Adjust the position and illumination of the monitor, as well as indoor working places and premises. Avoid sudden changes in light — for example, working in a dark room for the brightly lit monitor.

Work in a comfortable position. For good vision and preventing asthenopia important good blood supply. Therefore, looking away from the monitor, do exercise or massage the neck area.

Use colloidal fitoformuly ED medicine, which contains all the necessary ingredients to strengthen the eyes, protect the retina and support optimal vision.

amblyopia of obscure

Amblyopia of obscure — lowering the severity of central vision due to corneal clouding the lens.
Causes
Play the role of functional inactive eye and related developmental delay visual analyzer.
symptoms
Characterized by low visual acuity, despite the removal of turbidity and the absence of pronounced anatomical changes in the retina.
diagnostics
Diagnosis is based on exclusion of other causes of low visual acuity.
treatment
Keratoplasty surgery or cataract surgery at an early age.
To improve vision — irritation of the retina light exercises to train the amblyopic eye.
A significant improvement in vision can not be trusted because its reduction is due not only functional, but also anatomical reasons.

Amblyopia of obscure — lowering the severity of central vision due to corneal clouding the lens.

Causes

Play the role of functional inactive eye and related developmental delay visual analyzer.

symptoms

Characterized by low visual acuity, despite the removal of turbidity and the absence of pronounced anatomical changes in the retina.

diagnostics

Diagnosis is based on exclusion of other causes of low visual acuity.

treatment

Keratoplasty surgery or cataract surgery at an early age.

To improve vision — irritation of the retina light exercises to train the amblyopic eye.

A significant improvement in vision can not be trusted because its reduction is due not only functional, but also anatomical reasons.

hysterical amblyopia

Hysterical amblyopia — inhibition of visual perception in the cerebral cortex.
Causes
Occurs in hysteria, often accompanied by other functional disorders of the visual analyzer (violation of color vision, narrowing of the field of vision, photophobia n, etc.).
symptoms
A sudden decrease in visual acuity, usually bilateral, may be followed by a concentric contraction of the visual field, the appearance of the cattle, hemianopsia. Vision remains depressed for a few hours to many months. It is not easy to distinguish from the simulation.
diagnostics
Examination to detect asymmetry refractive disorders of the abductor and adductor muscles of the eyeballs (amblyopia in squint), the definition of true visual acuity of each eye separately.
treatment
Treatment is carried out with the help of psychotherapy and sedatives.

Hysterical amblyopia — inhibition of visual perception in the cerebral cortex.

Causes

Occurs in hysteria, often accompanied by other functional disorders of the visual analyzer (violation of color vision, narrowing of the field of vision, photophobia n, etc.).

symptoms

A sudden decrease in visual acuity, usually bilateral, may be followed by a concentric contraction of the visual field, the appearance of the cattle, hemianopsia. Vision remains depressed for a few hours to many months. It is not easy to distinguish from the simulation.

diagnostics

Examination to detect asymmetry refractive disorders of the abductor and adductor muscles of the eyeballs (amblyopia in squint), the definition of true visual acuity of each eye separately.

treatment

Treatment is carried out with the help of psychotherapy and sedatives.

amblyopia DISBINOKULYARNAYA

 

Amblyopia disbinokulyarnaya — disorder of binocular vision in a friendly squint.
Causes
Continuous brake functions of central vision squinting eyes.
symptoms
Decrease the severity of central vision, usually large, frequent violation fixation. Points of view do not improve. These disorders are gradually becoming more stable, in some cases, irreversible.
Objectively, any change of refractive media and the bottom of the eye there.
diagnostics
Diagnosis is based on exclusion of other causes of low visual acuity.
treatment
Exercises to train the eye bliopicheskogo am (embroidery, painting, playing in a mosaic, etc.). In the absence of success, as well as a non-central fixation in children 6 years and over — complex treatment in special rooms.
With central fixation prompt treatment usually leads to an increase in visual acuity. When a non-central fixation is not always possible. Prevention. Early shutdown of the act of leading the eye when monolateral squint.

Amblyopia disbinokulyarnaya — disorder of binocular vision in a friendly squint.

Causes

Continuous brake functions of central vision squinting eyes.

symptoms

Decrease the severity of central vision, usually large, frequent violation fixation. Points of view do not improve. These disorders are gradually becoming more stable, in some cases, irreversible.

Objectively, any change of refractive media and the bottom of the eye there.

diagnostics

Diagnosis is based on exclusion of other causes of low visual acuity.

treatment

Exercises to train the eye bliopicheskogo am (embroidery, painting, playing in a mosaic, etc.). In the absence of success, as well as a non-central fixation in children 6 years and over — complex treatment in special rooms.

With central fixation prompt treatment usually leads to an increase in visual acuity. When a non-central fixation is not always possible. Prevention. Early shutdown of the act of leading the eye when monolateral squint.

 

amblyopia DISBINOKULYARNAYA

Amblyopia disbinokulyarnaya — disorder of binocular vision in a friendly squint.
Causes
Continuous brake functions of central vision squinting eyes.
symptoms
Decrease the severity of central vision, usually large, frequent violation fixation. Points of view do not improve. These disorders are gradually becoming more stable, in some cases, irreversible.
Objectively, any change of refractive media and the bottom of the eye there.
diagnostics
Diagnosis is based on exclusion of other causes of low visual acuity.
treatment
Exercises to train the eye bliopicheskogo am (embroidery, painting, playing in a mosaic, etc.). In the absence of success, as well as a non-central fixation in children 6 years and over — complex treatment in special rooms.
With central fixation prompt treatment usually leads to an increase in visual acuity. When a non-central fixation is not always possible. Prevention. Early shutdown of the act of leading the eye when monolateral squint.

Amblyopia disbinokulyarnaya — disorder of binocular vision in a friendly squint.

Causes

Continuous brake functions of central vision squinting eyes.

symptoms

Decrease the severity of central vision, usually large, frequent violation fixation. Points of view do not improve. These disorders are gradually becoming more stable, in some cases, irreversible.

Objectively, any change of refractive media and the bottom of the eye there.

diagnostics

Diagnosis is based on exclusion of other causes of low visual acuity.

treatment

Exercises to train the eye bliopicheskogo am (embroidery, painting, playing in a mosaic, etc.). In the absence of success, as well as a non-central fixation in children 6 years and over — complex treatment in special rooms.

With central fixation prompt treatment usually leads to an increase in visual acuity. When a non-central fixation is not always possible. Prevention. Early shutdown of the act of leading the eye when monolateral squint.

Pinta

Pinta is a peculiar kind of tropical treponemal latinoameriknskih countries. In addition to the Central disease also occurs in Africa (Algeria, Egypt) and Asia (India, Philippines). In countries with a temperate climate with cold pint is not found.

The term «pint» comes from the Spanish «spot», «paint» and is associated with a motley clinical lesions.
The reasons for a pint
For a long time due to the nature of the clinical picture, indeed reminiscent mycosis disease pint considered fungal origin. A true pathogen was discovered in 1927 and named Treponema carateum. By their morphological properties pint close to syphilis and yaws.
Epidemiology pint
The source of infection is a sick man. Person’s susceptibility is high enough. In families where there is a sick, sick as a result, more than half the members of the family. The main route of infection is the direct or indirect contact with the patient (using obshey bedding, towels, kitchen utensils). Favors infection bad everyday culture, low living standards. The disease occurs in all age groups, often in rural areas, especially those living near rivers and lakes, that is, in a hot humid climate.
Symptoms of a pint
The disease
The incubation period — 2-3 weeks.
Primary period — up to six months.
Second period — up to 3 years.
Tertiary — comes after 3 years, can last for several decades.
Pint proceeds cyclically, passing in its development several consecutive periods.
The incubation period lasts about a pint of 1-3 weeks, after which the place of the entrance gate there is a primary affect in the form of inflammatory nodules up to 1 cm in diameter, surrounded by a narrow bright red rim. Its appearance is characterized by initial symptoms of a pint, and Owned, initial period of illness. Usually solitary nodule, but may be 3-4 or more. Localization of the primary affect mostly the face (ears, nose, neck), at least — in the open areas of the limbs. In places the primary rash noted mild itching. Nodule gradually increased in size due to the eccentric growth, thickens and turns into a sharply defined small plaque resembling inflammatory drive with a slight peeling on the surface. Sometimes around the primary lesion — drive — there are minor children of the (satellites), often merging with the parent disk.
After a few months as a result of generalization of the infection to the primary affect join fresh eruptions — pentidy. They open the second period. Pentidy morphologically similar to primary-papular erythematous lesion, but accompanied by more severe itching. They increase by an eccentric growth and give the surface a fine otrubevvdnoe peeling, sometimes really Mycotic feigning defeat. A characteristic feature of second period — the gradual development in the initial erythematous-squamous drives hyperpigmentation with the formation of multiple pigmented spots of various sizes and shapes. Depending on the individual characteristics of the skin color of these spots varies from grayish blue to brownish-black and purple. Some spots may acquire gray, off-white, yellow and even orange-red color. All of these types of spots eventually turn white. Sometimes the process involves the mucous membrane of cheeks, palate. May come from sources of odor. Can nail dystrophy (subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis), moderate poliadenit. In skin rashes and punctate glands during this period can be easily detected Tr. carateum.
Secondary period can last 2-4 years or longer, and the process goes to the final, third period: gradually by progressive depigmentation earlier hyperchromic spots (phase achromatosis). Simultaneously the peeling, and therefore the depigmented spots are smooth, shiny, slightly atrophic (psevdovitiliginoznye spot). Thus, there is extraordinary diversity in the color of the skin, caused by the simultaneous presence achromatosis and hyperpigmentation. The most noticeable change on the face, extremities.
Pinta has especially chronic, can last for decades. The general condition of the patients is usually not affected.
Diagnosis pint
Diagnosis is based on a pint of endemic characteristic stepwise during the typical clinical presentation, detecting Treponema carateum in scrapings from lesions on the skin and mucous membranes, and in punctate glands are very important positive results of serological tests for syphilis
Treatment pint
Treatment involves the use of modern pint protivosifiliticheskih means (drugs penicillin, antibiotics reserve)
As predotvraschaetsya pint?
Preventive maintenance is reduced to a pint of detection and treatment of patients and prophylactic treatment of persons in close contact with the sick, raise the standard of living of the population of endemic areas, personal hygiene, improve sanitary culture of the population. In people who have had the disease, with reinfection process can have an abortifacient for.

The term «pint» comes from the Spanish «spot», «paint» and is associated with a motley clinical lesions.

The reasons for a pint


For a long time due to the nature of the clinical picture, indeed reminiscent mycosis disease pint considered fungal origin. A true pathogen was discovered in 1927 and named Treponema carateum. By their morphological properties pint close to syphilis and yaws.

Epidemiology pint


The source of infection is a sick man. Person’s susceptibility is high enough. In families where there is a sick, sick as a result, more than half the members of the family. The main route of infection is the direct or indirect contact with the patient (using obshey bedding, towels, kitchen utensils). Favors infection bad everyday culture, low living standards. The disease occurs in all age groups, often in rural areas, especially those living near rivers and lakes, that is, in a hot humid climate.

Symptoms of a pint


The disease


The incubation period — 2-3 weeks.

Primary period — up to six months.

Second period — up to 3 years.

Tertiary — comes after 3 years, can last for several decades.

Pint proceeds cyclically, passing in its development several consecutive periods.

The incubation period lasts about a pint of 1-3 weeks, after which the place of the entrance gate there is a primary affect in the form of inflammatory nodules up to 1 cm in diameter, surrounded by a narrow bright red rim. Its appearance is characterized by initial symptoms of a pint, and Owned, initial period of illness. Usually solitary nodule, but may be 3-4 or more. Localization of the primary affect mostly the face (ears, nose, neck), at least — in the open areas of the limbs. In places the primary rash noted mild itching. Nodule gradually increased in size due to the eccentric growth, thickens and turns into a sharply defined small plaque resembling inflammatory drive with a slight peeling on the surface. Sometimes around the primary lesion — drive — there are minor children of the (satellites), often merging with the parent disk.

After a few months as a result of generalization of the infection to the primary affect join fresh eruptions — pentidy. They open the second period. Pentidy morphologically similar to primary-papular erythematous lesion, but accompanied by more severe itching. They increase by an eccentric growth and give the surface a fine otrubevvdnoe peeling, sometimes really Mycotic feigning defeat. A characteristic feature of second period — the gradual development in the initial erythematous-squamous drives hyperpigmentation with the formation of multiple pigmented spots of various sizes and shapes. Depending on the individual characteristics of the skin color of these spots varies from grayish blue to brownish-black and purple. Some spots may acquire gray, off-white, yellow and even orange-red color. All of these types of spots eventually turn white. Sometimes the process involves the mucous membrane of cheeks, palate. May come from sources of odor. Can nail dystrophy (subungual hyperkeratosis, onycholysis), moderate poliadenit. In skin rashes and punctate glands during this period can be easily detected Tr. carateum.

Secondary period can last 2-4 years or longer, and the process goes to the final, third period: gradually by progressive depigmentation earlier hyperchromic spots (phase achromatosis). Simultaneously the peeling, and therefore the depigmented spots are smooth, shiny, slightly atrophic (psevdovitiliginoznye spot). Thus, there is extraordinary diversity in the color of the skin, caused by the simultaneous presence achromatosis and hyperpigmentation. The most noticeable change on the face, extremities.

Pinta has especially chronic, can last for decades. The general condition of the patients is usually not affected.

Diagnosis pint


Diagnosis is based on a pint of endemic characteristic stepwise during the typical clinical presentation, detecting Treponema carateum in scrapings from lesions on the skin and mucous membranes, and in punctate glands are very important positive results of serological tests for syphilis

Treatment pint


Treatment involves the use of modern pint protivosifiliticheskih means (drugs penicillin, antibiotics reserve)

As predotvraschaetsya pint?


Preventive maintenance is reduced to a pint of detection and treatment of patients and prophylactic treatment of persons in close contact with the sick, raise the standard of living of the population of endemic areas, personal hygiene, improve sanitary culture of the population. In people who have had the disease, with reinfection process can have an abortifacient for.

Cold

Cold — an acute viral infection of the respiratory tract, and runs samorazreshayuschayasya usually no fever, inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, including runny nose, cough, sore throat. Diagnosis cold — clinical. Prevention of colds is to thoroughly wash your hands. Symptomatic treatment of the common cold.

Causes of cold
In most cases (30-50%) causes the common cold — any of the more than 100 serotypes of rhinoviruses. The common cold is also caused by a virus from the group koronarovirusov, influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, particularly in patients undergoing reinfection.
Pathogens have a cold relationship with the season, often it is spring and autumn, at least — winter. Rhinoviruses usually spread by direct contact with an infected person, but can be transmitted through airborne droplets.
For infection of the most important is the presence of serum and secretions of neutralizing antibodies specific to reflect the previous contact with the pathogen and provide relative immunity. Susceptibility to the common cold does not affect the duration of cold exposure, the state of human health and nutrition, pathology of the upper respiratory tract (eg, enlarged tonsils and adenoids).

Causes of cold


In most cases (30-50%) causes the common cold — any of the more than 100 serotypes of rhinoviruses. The common cold is also caused by a virus from the group koronarovirusov, influenza, parainfluenza, respiratory syncytial virus, particularly in patients undergoing reinfection.

Pathogens have a cold relationship with the season, often it is spring and autumn, at least — winter. Rhinoviruses usually spread by direct contact with an infected person, but can be transmitted through airborne droplets.

For infection of the most important is the presence of serum and secretions of neutralizing antibodies specific to reflect the previous contact with the pathogen and provide relative immunity. Susceptibility to the common cold does not affect the duration of cold exposure, the state of human health and nutrition, pathology of the upper respiratory tract (eg, enlarged tonsils and adenoids).

Cold symptoms


Colds begin suddenly after a short incubation period (24-72 hours) with unpleasant sensations in the nose and throat, followed by sneezing appear, runny nose and malaise. Temperature usually remains normal, especially when the cause is a rhino-and coronavirus. In the early days of watery discharge from the nose and plentiful, and then become more dense and purulent, muco-purulent discharge due to the presence of white blood cells (mostly granulocytes) and not necessarily a secondary bacterial infection. Cough with scanty sputum often lasts for 2 weeks. If there are no complications, cold symptoms subside after 4-10 days. In chronic respiratory diseases (asthma and bronchitis) after a cold usually peaking. Purulent sputum and cold symptoms from the lower respiratory tract is not very typical for rhinovirus infection. Purulent sinusitis and otitis media are usually bacterial complications, but sometimes they are associated with a primary viral infection of the mucous membranes.

How to recognize a cold?


Clinical diagnosis is usually cold, with no diagnostic tests. Colds differientsiruetsya with the most important disease of allergic rhinitis.

Treatment of the common cold


No specific treatment of the common cold. Typically used antipyretics and analgesics, which reduce fever and reduce sore throat. When nasal congestion use decongestants. The most effective local nasal dekogestanty, but their use more than 3-5 days can lead to increased nasal secretions. For the treatment of rhinitis (rhinorrhea) can be used first-generation antihistamines (eg hlorfeniramid) or ipratropium bromide (0.03% nasal solution 2-3 times a day), these drugs, however, should be avoided in the elderly and those with benign prostatic hyperplasia and those with glaucoma. First-generation antihistamines cause drowsiness, but the second-generation drugs (without sedation) are not effective for the treatment of colds.

Treatment of the common cold may consist in the use of zinc, echinacea, vitamin C everywhere, but their effects have not been proven.

No vaccine against colds. The common cold is not prevented drugs such as polyvalent bacterial vaccines, citrus, vitamins, UV, glycol aerosols and other people’s money. Hand washing and use of surface disinfectants reduce the spread of infection.

Antibiotics are prescribed only when connecting a secondary bacterial infection, with the exception of patients with chronic lung disease.

Acute viral hepatitis

Acute viral hepatitis is a diffuse inflammation of the liver caused by specific hepatotropic viruses, characterized by different modes of transmission and epidemiology. Nonspecific prodromal period during viral infection is associated with anorexia, nausea, fever and often pain in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. Often develop jaundice, usually after other symptoms begin to disappear. In most cases the infection resolves spontaneously, but sometimes progress to chronic hepatitis. In rare cases, acute hepatitis progresses to the development of acute liver failure (fulminant hepatitis). Hygiene can prevent infection with acute viral hepatitis. Depending on the specific virus prevention before and after the disease can be carried out by vaccination or serum globulins. Treatment of acute hepatitis B hepatitis is usually symptomatic.

Abscess or abscess

Abscess or abscess (Latin: abscessus — abscess) — purulent inflammation of tissues and organs to form pus cavity delimited capsule due to defense response. An abscess can occur as a separate disease, and as a complication of other diseases (eg, angina, pneumonia, trauma, etc.) ulcers in the organs and cavities of the body is called empyema, also to be distinguished from cellulitis abscess. Cellulitis — it is a complication of an abscess, inflammation of the tissues with exudate poured, formed as a result of the gap «pouch» with pus in the deeply lying tissues. If pus goes into the blood, with a high probability develops sepsis.
Most often, the causative agent of purulent process and the formation of an abscess are such representatives microflora as staphylococcus (often in association with strep, coliform and other sticks). In the body, these microbes get and cause the appearance of purulent inflammation due to injury, including micro-traumas — skin lesions, abscesses bruising introduction to the soft tissues of concentrated drugs, the spread of infection from an existing source of inflammation.

Abscess or abscess (Latin: abscessus — abscess) — purulent inflammation of tissues and organs to form pus cavity delimited capsule due to defense response. An abscess can occur as a separate disease, and as a complication of other diseases (eg, angina, pneumonia, trauma, etc.) ulcers in the organs and cavities of the body is called empyema, also to be distinguished from cellulitis abscess. Cellulitis — it is a complication of an abscess, inflammation of the tissues with exudate poured, formed as a result of the gap «pouch» with pus in the deeply lying tissues. If pus goes into the blood, with a high probability develops sepsis.

Most often, the causative agent of purulent process and the formation of an abscess are such representatives microflora as staphylococcus (often in association with strep, coliform and other sticks). In the body, these microbes get and cause the appearance of purulent inflammation due to injury, including micro-traumas — skin lesions, abscesses bruising introduction to the soft tissues of concentrated drugs, the spread of infection from an existing source of inflammation.

Absence epilepsy Kalpa

Kalpa absence epilepsy — a chronic disease of the brain, which manifests itself in the form of repeated seizures and loss of consciousness.
Absence seizures are one of the most common types of seizures in children and adolescents up to 16 years (mostly girls) and up to 50% of all generalized epilepsy.
Seizures can be triggered by a genetic predisposition, hard mental work, sleep deprivation, photostimulation, hyperventilation.

Kalpa absence epilepsy — a chronic disease of the brain, which manifests itself in the form of repeated seizures and loss of consciousness.

Absence seizures are one of the most common types of seizures in children and adolescents up to 16 years (mostly girls) and up to 50% of all generalized epilepsy.

Seizures can be triggered by a genetic predisposition, hard mental work, sleep deprivation, photostimulation, hyperventilation.